Category Archives: Residential Roofing

Is Sealing Roof Tiles a Good Idea? (Updated for 2022)

Sealing Roof Tiles (Blog Cover)

Sealing roof tiles is rarely worth the investment. However, on the surface, adding a coat of weatherproof sealant to any roofing material sounds like a good idea. After all, you are adding an extra layer of defense to your roofing material and, ultimately, your property.

While there is nothing wrong with the basic concept of sealing roof tiles, there are certain things that you have to think about before you undergo the project. In the following post, Roofer’s Guild will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of sealing roof tiles.

Roofing Tiles and Pitched Roofs

Roofing tiles are only installed on pitched roofs. A pitched roof is simply a roof that has a slope. To be considered a pitched roof, a roof usually has to be sloped at an angle of 20 degrees. 

The slope is important because water can successfully shed off the roof and down into the gutters at this angle with the help of good old gravity. As a result, roofing tiles are not sealed to the roof. They are individual pieces of slate, terra cotta, or concrete laid on top of each other in an overlapping fashion. 

Unlike roofing materials like asphalt shingles, tiles are not fastened to the roof. Instead, the overlapping placement and weight keep them in place and protect the roof’s decking. In addition, though they don’t create a single, continuous layer, the pitch effectively helps them shed water off the roof. 

House With Roof Tiles

Tile roofs differ from asphalt shingle roofs in that they are exclusive to pitched roofs, and the tiles are not fastened to the actual roof system. That distinction is the primary reason why sealing is uncommon.

What’s the Point of Sealing?

Sealing a roof entails adding a waterproof coat to the upper materials. The point of sealing any roofing material is to help keep water from absorbing into it.

Are Roofing Tiles Porous?

Salespeople say that roofing tiles are porous and susceptible to water absorption. And guess what? They’re not lying. Materials like concrete, terra cotta, clay, and slate are indeed porous. However, you must consider that roofing tiles are only installed on sloped roofs. 

So while these materials may be porous, the fact is that they can be. That’s because gravity does the job of shedding water off the roof for them. If roofing tiles were installed on a flat roof (and they would never be, to be clear), it would be a completely different story. 

You would have to seal your tiles every season. The water would pool on the tiles and permeate them constantly. 

But that’s not the case with sloped roofs. In general, roofing tiles on a sloped roof can afford to be porous. As a result, it’s not necessarily detrimental to the structural integrity or weatherproofing of the roof. 

We know what you might be thinking, ‘but roofs with tiles on them still leak sometimes.’ That is exactly right. But that happens for different reasons. Usually, when you get a leak in a tiled roof, it means that one or more of the tiles has been broken. 

One of the downsides of a tiled roof is that the older the tiles get, the brittler they become. So when you need to have some work done on a roof, old tiles can break under the pressure of a footfall. 

Slate Roof Tiles

Another reason tiled roofs leak is from a bad installation. To provide full coverage, the tiles must be carefully overlapped. Ridge caps also need to be installed carefully to protect the vulnerable point of the roof where the two slopes meet at the apex. 

Benefits of Sealing Roof Tiles

Yes, there definitely are some benefits to sealing your roof tiles. Take a look at the most important ones:

  • It May Prevent Cracking: If you live in a colder climate where rainwater can freeze on the roof, sealing may prevent tiles from breaking. When water enters hairline cracks in your roof tiles and freezes, the expansion can break the entire tile. Keeping the water out with a sealant may prevent this. 
  • It May Extend the Life of your Tiles: An extra layer of water protection may help slow down the weathering of your tiles, potentially extending the life of the material by just a few years. 

Drawbacks of Sealing Roof Tiles

Before you go out and buy sealant or call up your local roofing contractor, take a look at some of the disadvantages of sealing roof tiles:

  • You Need to Pressure Wash the Tiles: Before you can apply a sealant, the tiles need to be as clean as possible. Most contractors will use a pressure washer that can strip the tiles’ surface material if not carefully done. Of course, to pressure wash, you will need to get up on the roof. Any time you step on roof tiles, you risk breaking them, which, as discussed, is one of their inherent disadvantages. 
  • It Could Ravage the Good Looks of the Tile: Sealant isn’t permanent. After just about a season, it will strip off, and the color of your roofing tiles goes with it. When a sealant wears and chips away with the rainwater and UV exposure, it can alter the appearance of your roofing tiles – rarely for the better. 
  • It May Not Be Worth the Effort: If you live in a stormy area, you may have to reapply sealant every couple of years. This can add up to a lot of money and effort that may not even be necessary. Plus, if you plan to do the work yourself, it can be hazardous to get up on the roof, pressure wash, and apply the sealant. 

Final Thoughts on Sealing a Tile Roof

In most cases, sealing a tile roof is not worth the investment. Instead, you should have your roof inspected by a professional once a year to ensure you don’t have any tiles that need to be replaced. In most cases, roofing tiles will provide enough weatherproofing on their own. 

However, if you live in a frigid region of the country, you may want to consider sealing roof tiles to prevent freezing and breaking. 

20 Common Roofing Mistakes Made by Substandard Contractors

Common Roofing Mistakes (Blog Cover)

Common roofing mistakes happen daily and frequently don’t become evident until they cause a significant problem. Unfortunately, it’s not uncommon for a roofing contractor to ruin a project and cause frustration for homeowners and building managers.

Failed inspections, voided warranties, and problems with your insurance company are just a few things that can result from a roofing mistake.

As a consumer, you must know the tell-tale signs of a substandard or inexperienced contractor. That’s why in the following post, Roofer’s Guild highlights some of the most common mistakes that substandard (or possibly inexperienced) roofing contractors make.

1) Using Roofing Nails that are Too Short

Almost every type of shingle has an ideal length of roofing nail. These standards are in place to ensure that the nail goes through to the decking. 

However, there are a lot of nail lengths to keep track of, and if you’re not diligent, you can easily end up using the wrong nail length. And one of the biggest problems is that the issue isn’t always evident to the roofer. You may think that the nail has a good hold in the decking, but it could barely be penetrating the surface. 

It will only be after the contractor leaves and some wind starts to blow that the shingle will begin to shift. Once you have shingles that are shifting on the roof, it can seriously compromise the lifespan.

Remember that roofing nails need to secure the shingles into the decking, so they require proper nails for the type of shingles installed. 

2) Not Accounting for Slope

Different roofing materials are required depending on the roof’s slope. For instance, something like built-up roofing will never be appropriate on a pitched roof. But many novice roofing contractors simply want to offer their customers a wide array of roofing material options. 

This can be a pitfall even if it is born of good intentions. First, the slope has to be carefully measured to ensure proper roofing materials are used. Too often, substandard roofing contractors will fail to accurately account for slope and use the wrong types of roofing materials. 

3) Recycling Flashing

By far, one of the most common roofing mistakes is simply cutting corners. In roofing, cutting corners often takes the form of reusing old flashing. Flashing is made of thin metal sheets. Its job is to waterproof the breaks in your roof line. 

For instance, where your chimney meets the shingles of your roof, flashing is installed to protect the seam created from water penetration. During a re-roofing or shingle replacement job, it may seem that the existing flashing is in good shape. So some roofers may simply reinstall the old flashing once the job is done. 

However, the flashing should be replaced with every re-shingling or re-roofing job. It also needs to be replaced if it has been compromised in any way. 

4) Exposed Roofing Nails

The roofing nails need to be driven into specific locations in a shingle roofing system. Typically, the nail should be placed under a layer of shingles to protect it from the elements. However, one of the most common roofing mistakes is putting the nail in the incorrect position.

When the nail is driven into a spot where it is exposed to the elements, it can cause it to corrode. When the nail begins to rust, it can either cause a hole in the shingle or compromise the integrity of the nail – or both. In any case, it will leave your roof more vulnerable to leaks. 

5) Not Installing A Drip Edge

A drip edge is a metal flashing that should be installed under the leading row of your shingles. The purpose of a drip edge is to channel water that has drained off your roof into your gutters and away from the exterior walls of your building. While modern building codes require a drip edge, some older homes don’t actually have them. 

When completing a roofing project, some roofers may assume that since your home is older and has no drip edge, it doesn’t need one. Unfortunately, this is a common roofing mistake. It can even happen because the roofer doesn’t want to spend the time or the money installing a drip edge on a new roof. 

But the results of doing so can be catastrophic. Drip edges also prevent water from getting under the leading row of shingles. When water is allowed to get under the leading row, the entire roof can be compromised. Not installing a drip edge can cost thousands of dollars in damage. 

6) Omitting Underlayment

Many people don’t realize that even residential roofing systems are made up of multiple layers. First, there is the decking, which is basically the foundation of the roof onto which all materials are secured. Then there is the upper layer, which comprises your shingles, tiles, standing seam metal, or slate.

But between the undermost and uppermost layers is something called underlayment. The underlayment of a roofing system helps add a layer of water protection. Underlayment is basically a sheet that is made of paper or an organic mat that has been treated with asphalt. 

It goes on top of the decking and underneath your roofing materials to prevent leaks in the most vulnerable roof areas, such as the valleys. Unfortunately, once again, you will get some substandard contractors who will omit the underlayment to cut some corners and save some money. 

7) Disregarding Manufacturer Instructions

Most roofing materials come with instructions for the installer to follow. But one problem that many seasoned contractors have is thinking they know these instructions by heart and not reviewing them. 

And while the installation may still be done to professional standards, it might not have been done to the manufacturer standards. This can be problematic because it may void the manufacturer warranty. 

This is the best-case scenario. The worst-case scenario for disregarding manufacturer instructions is that the materials are not installed properly at all, which could lead to more expensive roofing issues down the line. 

8) Sagging Roof Gutters

Gutters need support to withstand water weight. Improper placement of screws can lead to gutter sagging. Other problems occur when gutters are too narrow. For example, some homes have 4-inch gutters that cannot account for climates with consistent and severe rainstorms. Eventually, the water backs up and causes the gutters to sag.

9) Failure to Install Starter Shingles/Strips

Contractors should always lay down started shingles along the eaves and rake edges for sealing purposes. Failure to install starter strips almost always causes water damage as the liquid can more easily penetrate the roof decking. Use of starter shingles is typically within the contract, so make sure it gets done.

10) Not Having Roof Contractor Insurance

Contractors without proper insurance may not be responsible for injury or roof damage which can pass the buck your way. Any reputable roofer will present proof of insurance before working on your roof. However, some sketchy contractors will attempt to avoid the conversation and lull you into a false sense of security. 

Contact the insurance company to verify their policy if you suspect something amiss.

11) Mismatched Shingles

Roofers that install mismatched shingles will make their mistakes evident for everyone to see. This problem typically happens when the contractor buys materials from multiple suppliers for a single job. Unfortunately, mismatched shingles can ruin curb appeal and suppress home value.

12) Poorly Installed or Secured Valley Flashing

Valley flashing is prone to water leaks because they typically withstand lots of rainwater. When your contractor ruins the installation or fails to secure the valley flashing, the entire roof can buckle and cause damage.

Failure to utilize sealant and adhesive material can also cause water infiltration.

13) Incorrect Shingle Overhang

The correct measurement for shingle overhang (at the eaves) is 7-10mm. Any size over 11mm may result in severe roof wind damage during inclement weather. On the flip side, anything under 6mm invites water penetration of the roof deck, which ultimately causes severe leaks.

14) Incorrect Shingle Exposure

Shortened shingle exposure causes moisture build-up and may result in blow-offs during severe windstorms. In contrast, too much length between shingles puts your entire roofing structure at risk of water damage.

15) Misaligned Shingles

Misaligned shingles are one of the easiest roofing mistakes to identify for non-professionals. With a simple once-over, you can notice when shingles are not on the same horizontal plane. Of course, misalignment makes your roof look unprofessional, but it can also create vulnerabilities and lead to water damage.

16) Failure to Address Ice Dams

When melted snow freezes at low temperatures, ice dams can quickly form beneath roof shingles. As the weight increases, your eaves start to suffer. A proper installation ultimately accounts for future ice dams by including a barrier covering your roof’s edge. Some cities require this based on building codes. However, some roofers simply neglect this step.

17) Neglecting a Roof Permit

If your hot-shot roofing contractor fails to secure a permit, it can spell disaster for everyone involved. Most areas mandate roof installation permits; however, some contractors ignore the requirements. If the roofer gets busted for working without a permit, the entire roofing job may get suspended. 

The easiest way to avoid this is to use a licensed and bonded contractor with many favorable reviews.

18) Improper Attic Ventilation

Attics are part of the roofing system, whether you realize it or not. However, if your contractor does not realize it, you can be in for a never-ending nightmare. In addition, inadequate attic ventilation can damage your roof during heat waves. 

Ultimately, this leads to increased energy costs and roof decking failure. As a result, your roofing contractor should ensure your attic is equipped to support your roofing structure.

19) Mixed Slate Colors

Slate roofs require uniform colors to maximize curb appeal. Unfortunately, contractors’ use of multiple suppliers may result in a porous-looking slate roof. In rare cases, mismatched colors can come from the same supplier and even the same batch. 

Still, a reputable contractor won’t install anything until it’s perfect.

20) Failure to Remove Old Shingles

When asking the question, can you install new shingles over existing ones? The answer should be no. Any reputable roofer will remove the old shingles before installing the new ones. Making the mistake of installing new shingles over old ones results in punctures that invite moisture.

Ultimately, making this error results in roof deterioration and the massive repair expenses that manifest as a result.

What Are the Different Roof Layers? (And How They Work)

Layers of a Roof (Blog Cover)

There are several layers of a roof, and many people don’t realize the complexity of roofing systems. Each layer of a roofing system is essential and plays a particular role. Roofer’s Guild discusses the different layers of a roof and their purpose in the following post. Please note that this post applies to residential pitched roofs – not flat or low-slope roofing systems. 

Layer #1 – The Roof Decking

Just like a painter needs a canvas to create, a roof needs decking on which to be built. The roof decking is made of wooden boards and planks. It serves as the framing for your roof or the foundation. Roof decking is also sometimes referred to as roof sheathing. The two terms are interchangeable, so don’t get confused if you hear someone refer to it as sheathing. 

The deck of your roof holds all the materials that will be installed on it. It’s the anchor for all the other necessary roofing materials. The roof decking is one of the most critical layers of a roof, and when it is compromised, the entire roof may have to be replaced. 

Broken Decking on Roof

Roof decking holds the materials onto your roof system, making it the primary structural anchor

Layer #2 – The Drip Edge

Most of the crucial components of any residential roof are made of wood. As you know, wood is organic and therefore susceptible to rot and water damage. A drip edge is required to protect the vulnerable areas of your roof (the fascia, the roof decking, the areas behind your gutters, etc.). 

The drip edge is like a metal seal that goes on the edge of the roof line, so water doesn’t get into the vulnerable underlayers like the decking. In most states, it’s a building code that all residential roofs need a drip edge. Therefore, your house will likely not pass inspection if it is without a drip edge. 

Layer #3 – The Water Shield

Your roofing material is the top layer of your roof. Your chosen material is asphalt shingles, metal, slate, or clay tiles. As we already discussed, the decking is the lower layer of your roofing system. The lower level needs to be protected, which is why a water shield is so important. 

A water shield is a waterproof membrane installed on top of the decking. So it goes between your deck and your roofing material. Its purpose is to protect the decking from water damage if water penetrates under the roofing material. It is typically installed in the roof’s vulnerable areas, like valleys. 

Layer #4 – Underlayment

Underlayment is another material attached to the decking to protect it from water damage. Roof underlayment is typically made of paper coated with asphalt or felt. It can also be made of synthetic materials and comes in different weights. 

Layer #5 – Roofing Material

You can see the fifth layer from ground level or if you’ve ever gone up on your roof. You typically choose the roofing material you want, and it’s essentially the only part of the roofing system that the homeowner can choose. 

Some roofing materials include wood shake shingles, metal roofing, slate, and tiles. However, the most common roofing material in the US is asphalt shingle roofing. 

Different roofing materials have various life expectancies. Some are also better suited for high wind conditions. The type of roofing material you choose for your home will significantly impact how much the roof installation will cost. 

The purpose of the roofing material is to provide the first line of defense for your roof. It will also channel rainwater off your roof and into your gutters. 

Layer #6 – The Flashing

Once your deck has been properly built, and the roofing material is in place, the flashing comes next. Flashing is a thin piece of metal attached to your roof’s joints and sensitive areas. Flashing should be installed whenever there is a break in the roof line. 

That means your chimneys, vents, and skylights (anything that juts out of the roof) need to be sealed up with flashing. Flashing is intended to keep water out of these breaks in the roof line, where leaks are the most common. Roof flashing can be made of aluminum, steel, or copper but will always be made of metal. 

Roof flashing is a metal piece connected to the joints of your roof system

Layer #7 – The Ridge Capping

Once your flashing has been installed, it’s time to add the final piece of water protection to your roof. The ridge capping is a final layer of shingling that sits on the ridge created where two slopes of a roof meet. It is the apex layer of shingling and protects the shingles installed in a vulnerable spot on the roof. The ridge capping also protects the shingles that meet at the acme of two slopes from wind damage. 

You can think of ridge capping like the molding you see in your house that is installed where the wall and the floor meet. While they may look like slightly larger shingles, they are also thicker and are pre-bent to fit onto the ridge of the roof. 

Layer #8 – The Roof Vents

The last layer of a roofing system, the roof vents, are installed so your attic will be adequately ventilated. But why is that important? Heat rises, and your attic collects most of the warm air in your house. When that warm air is left to rot in your attic, it can cause damage to your roof – especially in the winter months. 

In addition, the humidity can eventually cause mold to form, and if you live in an area that snows, the heat from the attic could cause ice dams to form on your roof. 

Roof vents need to be installed to prevent this damage and air your vent out. Roof vents pull the warm air out of your attic. There are specific roof vents for both passive and active ventilation systems. 

Overall, the layers of a roof make a big difference.

How Long do Roofs Last in Texas? (w/Tips for Longevity)

How Long do Roofs Last in Texas?

A typical standard asphalt shingle roof will last 15-25 years in Texas. However, stronger roof materials, like metal roofs, can last up to 100 years. Of course, various factors influence your roof’s longevity in Texas, including installation quality, weather exposure, and maintenance.

How is Texas Different for Roofing Lifespan Projections?

With unpredictable weather in Texas, many residents ask this question. The problem is that there is never any one answer to it. So how long do roofs last in Texas? Well, that depends on a handful of significant factors, such as the roofing material and the installation quality.

The weather also dramatically impacts how long you can realistically expect your roof to last. Texas is known for golf ball-size hailstones and lots of them. One study evaluated the hail fall in Texas and determined that some areas in West Texas and the Panhandle experience as much as 12 days a year of extreme hail fall. 

There have even been reports of hailstones over half a foot wide! And it’s not just hail. In addition, the spring months bring severe rainstorms that can be torturous on your roof if not properly maintained. The point is that a lot can go wrong with your roof in the Lone Star State. 

In the following post, Roofer’s Guild discusses the factors that affect roof longevity and offers tips on keeping your roof safe and sturdy for longer. 

Which Roof Materials Have The Most Longevity in Texas?

Different types of roofing materials are rated to last different lengths of time. Material may be the most important factor regarding how long you can expect your roof to hold up. 

However, installation quality, weather exposure, attic ventilation, and inspection frequency also influence how long your TX roof will last. 

Again though, the type of roofing material you choose will probably play the most prominent role. So let’s take a look at some of the most popular roofing materials in Texas and how long they are generally rated to last:

Metal Roofing

Metal roofing is quickly becoming a viable option not only for commercial structures; but also for houses. There are different types of metal roofs, though. For example, copper roofs can last for 100 years! 

The more common and viable option for most homeowners is standing seam metal roofing. Standing seam metal roofs can expand and contract with fluctuating temperatures. Standing seam metal roofs can last between 50-75 years!

Asphalt Shingle Roofing

Asphalt shingles are the most common in the US mainly because they are affordable and offer adequate protection – in most cases. Generally, you can expect an asphalt shingle roof to hold up for about 20 years. 

However, in Texas, you may only expect 12-15 years from your asphalt shingle roof. The wind and the sun are the two main reasons for this shortened lifespan. Asphalt shingles aren’t rated to hold up to powerful winds and will begin to curl in winds above 60mph. 

In addition, the summer’s heat and UV exposure in Texas is brutal and can cause severe damage to asphalt shingles.

Wood Shake Shingle Roofing

Wood shake shingles are traditionally made from redwood, cedar, pine, and cypress – cedar being the most potent option. They are a popular choice in Texas because of their incredible wind resistance. 

However, being an organic material, wood shake shingles are susceptible to rot and moss growth. In general, you can expect a roof shake shingle roof to last between 30 and 40 years. 

However, this projection assumes properly treated shingles. In addition, property owners must maintain Wood shake shingles meticulously to get the most extended life out of them. 

Slate Roofing

If you can afford it, slate roofing is probably the best way to go in Texas. With very little maintenance, it’s not outlandish to expect a slate roof to last 100 years! Slate is a natural stone. It is invulnerable to moisture damage, fire, and wind. 

It also doesn’t fluctuate much with the changing temperature. However, slate roofing is costly, and the installation is often complicated. Also, it is a hefty material, so the structure may need to be reinforced before installation. 

How Increase Roof Lifespan in Texas

Now that you have a general idea of how long each roofing material lasts let’s go over some tips for getting the most out of your roof in Texas.

Check Your Attic Insulation

The temperature in the attic affects the function of your roof. Ensure the attic insulation is intact, so it’s easier to maintain a pleasant temperature under the roof.

Be Mindful of Ventilation

If you have soffits, be sure to keep an eye on them. Ensure they are not broken and the vents are not obstructed. Remember that one of the jobs of your soffits is to keep moisture away from the rafters and allow them to escape the roofing structure. 

Also, ensure proper airflow in the attic as much as possible.

Annual Inspections

It would be best to have your roof inspected once a year or after any extreme weather event. It may seem like a headache, but it can help you avoid a major catastrophe and extend the life of your roof. 

Cleaning

As much as possible, try to keep your roof free of debris. Ensure all the trees around your roof are neatly trimmed so there are no overhanging limbs or branches. Be sure to clean the gutter regularly as well. 

How Long Does it Take to Replace A Roof? (2022 Update)

How Long Does it Take to Replace a Roof

Professional contractors can replace a roof in one day, barring unforeseen weather conditions or other complications. However, some roof replacement jobs are more complex and require longer estimated replacement times.

Like many things in roofing, the duration of a roof replacement is not universal. Several factors affect the possible timeline. Still, it’s an essential question on the mind of anyone who is considering or needs a roof replacement. 

Of course, you want to know how long the job will disrupt your routine. You also want to know when you can start enjoying your brand new roof. Maybe you are prepping your home for the market and need to get the job done as soon as possible. 

It’s critical to understand what affects the duration of a roof replacement job. But unfortunately, there is no universal answer to the question, “how long does it take to replace a roof?” 

Average Roof Replacement Time

While every job is different, there is a general timeframe that an average-sized roof replacement will require. In general, the job should take a day or two. Of course, this assumes that weather conditions are ideal and the job is relatively basic. 

However, you shouldn’t always expect this estimate from your contractor. And as a contractor, you need to be aware that something can happen at any time that will extend the project. 

It would help if you always let your customers know that many factors could hinder the progress of a job. Of course, you always need to give a time estimate. Still, it helps to qualify it by letting the customer know that it is always subject to change given different conditions. 

Average Roof Replacement Time Frame

Variables That Impact Roof Replacement Time Frame

Calculating your roof replacement time frame is much easier when you understand which variables will impact the project. For example, are you replacing a roof on a house or commercial building? First, Let’s look at what can affect the time it takes to replace a roof.

Roof Replacement Variables

The Size of the Roof

Naturally, the first thing you have to consider when providing a time estimate to your customer is the size of the roof. Residential roofs can vary significantly in size. Of course, a large estate will take longer than a single-family home if the roofs need replacing. 

Commercial jobs generally involve larger roofs, so they take longer than residential ones, but that isn’t always the case. 

The square footage of the roof will be an essential factor in determining how long it will take to replace. 

The Structure of the Roof

If you deal with a standard, asphalt shingle-pitched residential roof, a replacement can take as little as one day. Roofs vary significantly in complexity as well, though. 

The more complex the roofing structure, the longer it will take to replace. What do we mean when we talk about roof complexity, though? Take a look:

  • Multiple angles
  • Multiple Hips
  • Multiple valleys
  • Steep pitches
  • Heavy roofing materials like slate
  • Roofs with more than four facets
  • The height of the roof

If the house or building in question has multiple facets, many hips, and valleys, or is made of natural stone material, the project could take up to three days or more. The basic rule is that the simpler the roofing structure, the shorter it will take to replace.

The Weather

The weather is the next most prominent factor in calculating how long it will take to replace a roof. You cannot replace a roof in rain or snow. Even high wind conditions and temperature can halt a project dead in its tracks.

Why? Because in wet conditions, extreme heat, or freezing temperatures, roofing materials cannot be installed properly. They are subject to expansion and contraction depending on the temperature. It is impossible to replace a roof when it’s raining or snowing. 

Most contractors will be cautious about when they schedule a roof replacement, so you don’t have to worry about it. However, you never know when the weather can change. In some unforeseen turns in the weather, the project will need to be halted. Weather delays could add days or even weeks to the completion time of the job. 

If you live in areas with moderate climates, the weather won’t be of much concern to your roof replacement project. But it would be best if you were still very careful when you schedule your roof replacement and frequently check the forecast.

The Property

The nature and characteristics of the property will affect rood accessibility. When roof accessibility is limited or complicated by these characteristics, you can almost guarantee that the job will take longer to complete. 

For instance, let’s say you are building your dream home on a rural piece of land you bought to get away from the city. Unfortunately, there may be no paved roads near this property, so it will be more difficult for contractors to transport roofing materials in and out of the property.

Let’s say you have a house in a traditional residential area with plenty of paved road access. Still, you have a hedge of bushes surrounding it. This can make it more difficult for roofers to get up and down. 

Fences positioned close to the house can also make it trickier to get up to your roof. Your property and ease of roof access will affect how much time your roof replacement will take. 

Safety

Last but not least, safety will determine how long your roof replacement will take. OSHA has stringent and specific rules for roofing contractors to protect their employees and consumers. 

For instance, fall protection measures may apply to high roofs. In some cases, contractors may need overhead structures attached to them via cables to protect them from falling off the roof. You might need even more safety measures if your roof has a steep pitch.

Sometimes roofing safety measures don’t take much time. But you can expect longer replacement times if you have a roof that may be particularly dangerous to work on. In any case, a contractor should discuss all these measures with a customer before the project starts. 

Conclusion

A standard roof replacement time frame is one day. However, many variables may add to the expected duration. For example, inclement weather, commercial building structures, or transportation restrictions can add more time to a roof replacement job. The most important thing is getting the job done correctly.

Spanish Tile Roof Guide for 2022: (Prices, Style, Lifespan Etc.)

Spanish Tile Roof (Blog Cover)

Spanish tiles lend a classic look to pretty much any roof. However, they also serve a more practical purpose: they can help keep your roof cool in the hot summer months. 

If you are thinking of a Spanish tile roof for your home or place of business, you may have some questions regarding price and lifespan. 

Many people also don’t realize how many options they have for a Spanish tile roof. The reality is that there are many things you have to consider if you are thinking of installing a Spanish tile roof. 

The excellent news is Roofer’s Guild compiled a complete guide on this kind of roofing system for all those considering it. 

What is Spanish Tile Roofing?

Spanish tile roofing is a highly-sustainable roof material made of terracotta or clay. Because of its regenerating material, the roofing material typically lasts longer than alternative roofing types.

The tiles are made into a rounded “S” shape to interlock with one another. As a result, Spanish tiles require careful layouts to keep water away from the decking.

Unique Qualities of a Spanish Tile Roof

Keep in mind that Spanish roof tiles are not fastened to the roof’s deck like asphalt or wood tiles are. Instead, when laid in a meticulous interlocking pattern, the weight of the tiles is enough to keep them in place and provide protection for the roof. 

Roofer on Spanish Tile

Spanish tiles don’t have covers and pans, unlike other clay roofing tiles. Also, their uniform design disallows staggering. So instead, roof installers must lay Spanish tiles carefully and deliberately in an interlocking pattern.

Spanish tile roofs also require an eave enclosure. 

What Are the Benefits of Spanish Tile Roofing?

Like most roofing materials, Spanish tiles have convenient and aesthetic advantages such as:

Energy Efficiency

Spanish tiles are very energy efficient as the domed structure allows warm/cold air to escape. In addition, the setup keeps your home or building cooler in the summer months and warmer in the winter months, so you won’t have to run your heater/AC so often. 

Also, Spanish tile is very effective for reflecting UV rays, so it naturally keeps your roof deck cool.

Fire Resistance

Spanish clay tiles are not flammable. Therefore, they will not help spread the flames during a fire and may protect your home and keep flames from spreading to other properties.

Classic Appearance

Many people choose Spanish tiles for their roofs simply because it looks good. However, a Spanish tile roof can instantly increase your home’s curb appeal and even add significant value to it.

Wind Resistance

An adequately installed Spanish tile roof can withstand wind speeds of up to 125 mph. As a result, Spanish tiles are a practical choice even in regions prone to extreme weather conditions.

Durability

While the initial investment for your Spanish tile roof may be substantial, maintenance should be minimal because of the material’s durability. Properly installed roofs won’t require much maintenance.

Lifespan

So how long does a Spanish tile roof last? Try 100 years on average! Spanish tile roofs are highly durable, so they last pretty much forever. 

Warranty Options

Because Spanish tile roofs are so durable and last long, manufacturers offer extended warranties for their tile roofing products. 

Sustainability

As we mentioned earlier, terracotta is a very sustainable material that regenerates itself on the Earth abundantly. Therefore, Spanish tiles are eco-friendly.

What Are the Disadvantages of Spanish Tile Roofing?

Of course, every roofing material has its drawbacks. The disadvantages of Spanish tiles include:

Upfront Cost

Installing a Spanish tile roof can cost as much as $25 per square foot. In addition, the installation requires a lot of care and experience, so labor can also significantly drive up the price.

Cracking Vulnerability

While they help keep buildings warm thanks to their natural insulating capability, Spanish tiles are not ideal for frigid climates because of their cracking vulnerability. They are also prone to impact damage and make getting up on your roof dangerous.

Reinforcement Requirements

Because Spanish tiles are so heavy, you will, at the very least, need to have the roof underlayment inspected before installation. Worst case scenario is that you need extra reinforcement work done to your roof to support the weight of the tiles. 

Spanish Roof Tile Styles

When most people think of Spanish tile roofs, they conjure up an image of a curved, mostly red-colored roofing material. While that striking image is the classic Spanish tile look, there are others to consider in 2022. 

Patterned Spanish Tiles

For instance, if you want more character and rustic styling, you should consider patterned Spanish tiles. Patterned Spanish tiles don’t have a uniform color, and they stick out from the roof a bit more, giving it a more textured look. 

Dark Spanish Tiles

If you aren’t a fan of the lighter tile colors, Spanish tiles also come in a darker, almost brown tone. Remember that the darker the tile, the more heat it will absorb. 

Traditional Terracotta Tiles

Traditional terracotta tiles will give you the brighter, more classic Spanish tile look. In addition, they offer a uniform design and look beautiful when installed correctly. Keep in mind that these days, Spanish tiles come in a wide variety of colors like green and blue. 

Composite Spanish Tiles

And if you are on a budget but still want the look of a Spanish tile roof, you can always look into composite Spanish tiles. They aren’t made of the same material and don’t have the same lifespan as genuine Spanish tiles. Still, they give a similar look and are much more affordable. 

Best Practices for Spanish Tile Roof Installation

Last but not least, you should always work with an experienced roofing contractor if you want to install a Spanish tile roof. The installation process is vital for this type of roofing material, and it is not a DIY project. Nor should it be left in the hands of an inexperienced roofing contractor. 

Before hiring a contractor to install this kind of roof on your property, ask for references and make sure that they have installed this kind of roof before. Also, do your best to choose a contractor that can give you a good labor warranty. 

3 Benefits of Turtle Roof Vent Types in 2022

Turtle Roof Vent (Blog Cover)

turtle roof vent is an integral part of your roof’s ventilation. Ventilation is crucial in living spaces, your attic, and your roof. Some would argue that these rarely visited parts of your home are even more critical to ventilate properly. 

If you are a roofer, you have probably seen the damage poor attic ventilation can do to a roof or commercial/residential property. However, the worst part is that this damage is easily preventable. 

Today, Roofer’s Guild explores roof and attic ventilation, particularly turtle vents. Not many property owners give much thought to the condition of their attic and roof ventilation, so we wanted to highlight this fundamental issue. 

What is A Turtle Roof Vent?

turtle roof vent, also known as a box vent or simply louvers, is a type of attic and roof ventilation system. They work by taking in air from the lower eaves of the roof and allowing warmer air to rise out on the ridge. 

Turtle roof vents are static, so they have no moving parts. You have probably seen turbine roof vents that rotate as the air escapes. Turtle roof vents don’t move and are distinguished by a cap that can be round, making it look like a turtle. 

What is the Purpose of A Turtle Roof Vent?

The purpose of a turtle roof vent is to draw warm air and moisture out of your attic. Unfortunately, warm air and moisture can have devastating effects on your home or place of business. 

Turtle roof vents are usually aligned on either side of a roof ridge in even increments. Since they are passive ventilation systems, you will probably need more than one installed on your roof.

Moisture and warm air can cause all kinds of roofing and structural damage – especially in cold or humid months. A turtle roof vent will ensure that warm air rises out of your attic and gives it a route of escape over the ridge of your roof. 

What Can Happen if you Don’t Install A Turtle Roof Vent?

It’s important to note that a turtle roof vent is not the only game in town. It is just one of the various types of roof ventilation systems available. Still, if you don’t have proper ventilation of some kind, many problems can arise, including:

Mold

When warm air and moisture are allowed to fester in the upper portions of your home, mold and mildew can start to form. 

Shingle Damage

Moisture damage from inside your attic could also damage the shingles on top of your roof from the underside. 

High Electricity Bills

When warm air is trapped in your attic, it will make your entire home hotter in the winter months. Proper ventilation will allow warm air to escape and keep your home cooler, naturally. 

What Are the Benefits of Turtle Roof Vents?

Now that you know what turtle roof vents are, how they work, and the dangers of improper roof/attic ventilation, let’s get into the specific benefits that turtle roof venting offers:

Turtle Roof Vent Benefits (Infographic)

Simplicity

If you have a static vent system already in place on your roof (soffit vents, for example), then your turtle roof vent can be easily incorporated into the existing system. Aside from some cuts that will need to be made into the roof’s underlayment, adding a turtle roof vent is relatively simple. 

Affordability

Since turtle roof vents are static systems (no moving parts), they are cheap and easy to manufacture. They are also reasonably easy to install, which makes them very affordable. You can purchase a turtle vent for as low as $10, not including installation.

Efficiency

A turtle roof ventilation system will be all you need in most cases. Unless you live in the country’s extremely cold or humid areas, a turtle roof vent system will be enough to keep your attic cool and dry. 

What is Roof Sheathing? (Definitions + Applications) for 2022

Roof Sheathing (Blog Cover)

Roof sheathing is a layer of boards fastened to the joists and trusses. The purpose of the sheathing is to provide a solid, continuous surface onto which your shingles and other roofing components can be securely attached. Roof sheathing, also known as roof decking, lies just under the top layer of shingles.

The roof sheathing will come in square panels of wood that will be made from either oriented strand board or plywood. Take a look at a breakdown of both types of wood:

Types of Wood for Roof Sheathing

Oriented Strand Board

Oriented Strand Board (or OSB) is made by compressing thin wood strands together and binding them with adhesive. Then, the strands are hotly compressed to form a strong bond. 

Each strand layer is aligned perpendicularly to the subsequent layer for maximum strength. OSB is a popular choice because it is inexpensive and provides adequate power for roof decking. 

Plywood

Plywood is a more expensive option (generally) than OSB and a more robust material. Plywood is made by gluing together multiple layers or plies of wood and compressing them tightly. 

Plywood tends to be the more potent option for roof sheathing, which is higher. However, plywood tends to be heavier than Oriented Strand Board because of its more robust composition. Plywood sheathing is generally best when the shingle material is heavy, like slate or concrete roofing shingles and tiles. 

Still, whether Oriented Strand Board or plywood is used for the roof sheathing, its purpose remains the same: to provide a solid, continuous surface onto which shingles and upper roofing components can be attached. 

The Purposes of Roof Sheathing

Roof sheathing isn’t installed exclusively to attach shingles. It also serves a few critical periphery roles for the roofing system and structure. Take a look at essential functions that roof sheathing serves:

Flame Retardation

No roof sheathing material will be 100% fireproof, but your sheathing can slow the spread of flames in case of a fire. In addition, roof sheathing panels can be coated with notable flame retardant films to offer excellent protection against the spread of fire. 

Having this specially treated sheathing may give firefighters the extra time they need to save the lower structure of the building in case of a fire.

Leak Protection

You can also think of roof sheathing as a crucial yet straightforward additional defense against leaks. For example, it effectively creates an extra layer between the shingles and the roof’s frame. 

Many sheathing materials can be weatherproofed as well to provide extra protection. In this sense, it can also protect your home against severe water damage. 

Weight Distribution

Roof sheathing helps evenly distribute weight when it is placed on the roof. In addition, the panels create a surface that covers the strongest point of your roof – its trusses. 

Weight distribution alleviates the stress that the trusses would otherwise bear all on their own when debris, snow, water, or even foot traffic occurs on your roof. Your shingles will also add considerable weight to your roof. 

Roof sheathing helps spread that weight out across the entire roofing plane to ensure no one spot is overloaded. 

When Do You Need New Roof Sheathing?

Roof sheathing provides strength to the structure, but it is not invulnerable. There are a handful of instances when you must replace it, including:

Water Damage

If you see signs of water damage on your ceiling, like discoloration, sagging, or actual leaks, it’s a probable sign that the roof sheathing has been compromised. 

Exterior Sagging

You may notice visible sagging on the outside of your roof if your sheathing is damaged and needs to be replaced. 

Rot

You may be able to see your roof sheathing from your attic. If so, it’s crucial to inspect it every once in a while for signs of rot. In addition, it’s vital to replace rotted roof sheathing as soon as possible to prevent a significant roofing catastrophe.

Roof Punctures

It probably doesn’t need to be said, but roof punctures are causes for sheathing replacement in the interest of being thorough. Punctures may be subtle sometimes, though. 

For example, try going up to your attic in the dark (carefully) during the day and seeing if you can detect beams of light coming through small punctures in your roof. 

Can You Paint Asphalt Roof Shingles?

Blog Cover for Can You Paint Asphalt Roof Shingles?

The short answer is yes; you can paint your asphalt shingles. However, it goes beyond a simple “yes” because although painting asphalt shingles would benefit some roofs, considerable cost and risk are involved. As a result, you must make doubly sure that painting your roof shingles will be worth your effort and money. 

Close Up of Asphalt Shingles

Key Takeaway:

Painting asphalt shingles can save energy and provide extra protection, but it also comes with safety risks.

To help you determine whether painting your roof shingles would be a good call for you, Roofer’s Guild outlines the merits and drawbacks of painting your asphalt roof shingles. 

The Merits of Painting your Roof Shingles

So can you paint shingles? Yes, anyone can paint their asphalt shingles if they choose to. So many people consider this question because painting your shingles has a few crucial benefits for home and property owners. Let’s take a look at a few of the most important ones:

Energy Savings

The problem with the standard black, dark colors that most asphalt roofing shingles come in is that they absorb more heat. Dark colors can trap heat, and when it comes to your roof, this typically means a hotter house or place of business. 

If you live in a hot region of the country, painting your roof shingles white or some other light color that reflects more sunlight may be a worthwhile endeavor for you as it will likely save you money in cooling costs. 

Extra Defense

Adding a layer of paint to the exterior of your roofing shingles is like adding another layer of defense. Asphalt shingles are already coated with a top layer of granules meant to act as the first line of defense against the sun, debris, and general wear and tear. 

When these granules get loose or break off, it leaves the critical layers of the shingle – and in turn, your roof – vulnerable. Painting your shingles will add an extra top layer to preserve the granule layer and, when done correctly, will extend the life expectancy of your shingles. 

Aesthetic Appeal

Painting your shingles can add aesthetic appeal for home and property owners simply looking for a change. Of course, it would be advisable to try and go with a lighter color to make the process more practically valid; but it’s also a great way to make your home look more attractive. 

Consider the color of your soffits, fascia, and siding, and try to pick a light color that will compliment these components. Painting your roof shingles can set your home or business apart from surrounding homes and businesses. 

Environmentally-Friendly

So long as you choose a light color and properly dispose of any unused paint after the project, painting your roof is an environmentally-friendly choice. In addition, having to run your AC all day in the hot summer months draws on unsustainable power. By cutting your dependence on utilities, you are helping the environment. 

Who Is A Good Candidate for Shingle Painting?

While the general answer to the question, ‘can you paint shingles?’ is yes, not every home and place of business will be a good candidate for the project. So the first thing you must consider is the age and condition of your asphalt shingles. 

Newer Roofing Shingles

Typically, a professionally installed asphalt shingle roof will last 20 to 28 years. If your asphalt shingles are already on the tail end of that life expectancy, you may want to rethink painting your shingles. While painting relatively new shingles is a good idea to prolong their lifespan, it won’t do much if they are already old. 

It would be best to paint your asphalt shingles no later than about half of their lifespan, somewhere around 10-15 years or sooner. You will also need to inspect your shingles or have a professional come out and inspect them before painting. 

Roofs in Good Condition

Again, cracked painting shingles, including those split, curling, or losing granules, will not do much to fortify their defenses. Instead, it would be best to paint shingles in good shape and structurally sound. 

You also have to consider the scope and the danger of the job. For example, if you have an extensive roof or a steep pitch, painting the shingles should be left in the hands of a professional. But, on the other hand, if you have to go out and procure equipment, the job could get pretty expensive. 

Professionally Experienced Roofers

It can also be quite dangerous, so if you have no experience painting roofs or working on roofs in general, you should hire a professional. Also, be aware that painting your shingles may not necessarily solve all of your roofing problems. 

For example, there is no getting around it if you need a re-roof. You should also know that painting your shingles won’t necessarily increase the value of your home, either. 

The Drawbacks of Painting Your Shingles

Like most home improvement projects, there are some drawbacks to painting your asphalt shingles. Here are the most important ones:

Added Roof Maintenance

While painting your shingles does add a layer of protection, you must keep up with maintenance if you want to keep your shingles safeguarded and aesthetically pleasing. The paint used for shingles can chip and flake off easily, so you will have to repaint every few years if you want to keep your roof safe and looking nice. 

It Can Be Pricey

Hiring a professional to paint your shingles may only be a little more expensive than taking care of the job yourself – especially if you have to procure the necessities like rollers, primers, safety equipment, and a ladder. The cost of paint alone can be in the hundreds if you have an extensive roof. 

It Can Be Dangerous

Any time you get up on your roof, you essentially take your life into your own hands. Any kind of roofing work can be dangerous, and painting is no exception – even if it seems like a simple process.

It is Taxing Work – If you want to do the job right, you will more than likely have to set aside days, not hours, to get the job done. 

The Bottom Line

Whether you are tired of the drab black/gray color of your asphalt roof shingles or whether you’re wondering if there is any practical benefit, you may have wondered to yourself, ‘can you paint shingles?’ at some point or another. 

It’s a valid question and one that deserves close attention. That’s because the job can be taxing, so you should never enter into it lightly. 

How Does Sunshine (UV Rays) Damage Asphalt Shingles?

Blog Cover Showing UV Rays Which Can Damage Asphalt Shingles

UV rays can cause significant damage to asphalt shingles prompting costly repair fees and possible total roof replacements. Therefore, understanding how to identify and prevent UV ray damage is paramount.

You may think the winter months are harsh on your roof, and you’re right. Rain, hail, snow, ice dams, and high winds cause issues with your asphalt roof. But the summer sun can be just as potent, a lesson you can avoid.

Think about it; your roof is your property’s first line of defense against the rain and the sun. As a result, UV rays can devastate your asphalt shingles as they gradually penetrate the roofing system and materials.

It’s essential to keep an eye on your roof and identify warning signs of a compromised roofing system. In the following post, Roofer’s Guild answers the question: how does sunshine damage asphalt shingles?’ 

We also provide insight on how to spot shingle damage and tips on protecting your roof from the harm of premature aging. 

Asphalt Shingles on Roof Up Close

Key Takeaway:

UV rays damage asphalt shingles by breaking down their molecular structure, which can cause granule loss, cracks, and material degradation.

Weather Fluctuations

In the summer months, day-to-night weather condition fluctuations can wreak havoc on your shingles. During the day, it may get scorching, giving way to humid nights. 

Humidity fluctuation is terrible for asphalt shingles. During the day, it dries them out and leaves them very brittle. However, when the night is humid, the stark contrast can cause the decomposition of materials. 

This fluctuation (which is more marked in extremely high temperatures) also causes a thermal expansion and contraction of the roofing materials. Generally, this fluctuation is awful for roofing materials and may cause them to fail sooner than expected.

Excessive Heat

In most climates, the sunniest months present constant and excessive heat. It’s hard to think of any living or synthetic material not damaged by extreme heat. Assuredly, your asphalt shingles are certainly one of them. 

You may not notice excessive heat damage until winter when leaks become apparent. That’s because extreme UV damage can cause the asphalt shingles to become brittle and move upwards at the edges.

These effects may not cause roofing problems when the weather is warm and dry, but when it starts raining and snowing, it can cause leaks. There are a couple of ways you can protect your roof against excessive heat:

  • Proper Ventilation: Properly ventilated roofs can go a long way toward keeping your roof cool. However, it would be best to pump cool air into these upper building portions to help the shingles retain as much moisture as possible in the hot sun.  
  • Roofing Inspections: Of course, doing an inspection or hiring a professional to inspect your roof before the summer months can save you from a world of trouble. 

UV Damage

Layers of materials comprise asphalt shingles. At the top is a layer of granules bound and protected by an oily substance. UV rays react with this substance and the oxygen around it to evaporate, leaving the material exposed and vulnerable. 

In essence, UV rays cause oxidative damage that changes the molecular structure of the shingle. Usually, this means a breakdown of the materials that protect the shingle and the roof. 

This can eventually cause the protective granules to fall off, exposing the underlayers. It can also cause the shingle to overdry and start to crack. Dryness is a severe problem, too, because shingles are continually bombarded with UV rays whether the sun is out or not. 

Apart from using special shingles with high UV resistance, there isn’t much you can do to combat this problem. But, as always, frequent inspections can prevent more significant issues. 

Another option is to use a different roofing material on your residential or commercial property, mainly if you live in a sweltering climate.

Weakened Shingles

Granule loss is one of the most common problems with asphalt shingles. The granules on the shingle’s top layer protect them and make them so resilient. 

However, excessive UV radiation and dry conditions can cause granule loss by drying up the shingle and robbing its protective oils and moisture. 

When this happens, the shingles weaken and become vulnerable — leading to splits and cracks that may expose the underlayers of your roof.

Again, you aren’t likely to notice this kind of damage in the summer unless you regularly inspect your roof. However, it can cause many problems in the winter, including roof leaks, shingle warping, and even roof warping. 

How to Address UV Ray Damage for Asphalt Shingles

Whether you are a contractor or home/business owner, it’s crucial to take action as soon as you see:

  • Warped shingles
  • Curled shingles
  • Cracked shingles
  • Missing shingles
  • Shingles with noticeable granule loss

These problems are symptoms of sun damage and must be addressed as soon as possible. Replace any damaged shingles you see and, if possible, upgrade to a new roofing system that is more resilient in intense heat. 

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